Good practice - Food security and economic development - EFA/Sierra Leone - MDG 1, 7

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See also List of Good practice - International Cooperation Projects on MDGs (documentary notes - temporary page)

For mail of presentation of the work in progress for Documentary see this page



Related to this Project see this Documentary scene. "Sierra Leone - Food security and economic development (FoSED) - MDG 1, 7"


Main information on the project


  • Name and description of the Organization leading the project: Environmental Foundation for Africa (EFA) - http://www.efasl.org.uk/EFA%20Annual%20Report%202006-2007.pdf - The Environmental Foundation for Africa (EFA) aims to protect and restore the environment in West Africa. For over 15 years, EFA has: led environmental education (EE) and awareness raising campaigns; restored degraded lands and conserved pristine forests; minimized the impacts of civil war on the environment and its inhabitants and equipped thousands of people with sustainable livelihood skills such as agroforestry. Today, capitalizing on its wealth of experience, EFA specializes in environmental awareness raising and capacity building at the national, regional and international levels using high impact communications tools and training programs to build an environmentally conscious society motivated to maintain the integrity of nature in Africa.


  • Name of the Project: Food Security and Economic Development (FoSED)
  • Project related to MDGs number: MDG 1:Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger , MDG 7 - Ensure Environmental Sustainability
  • Project funded by:EU
  • For general issues, social, political and economic context of the Country where the project has location, see: Sierra Leone profile


  • Project Synopsis:

In February 2010 EFA and Welt Hunger Hilfe (WHH)  finalised a partnership for the FoSED project. This project aims to create food security for the poorest and most vulnerable communities in the Bo, Pujehun and Kenema districts. It's aiming to decrease rural poverty and achieve the transition from relief to sustainable development in the coming 5 years. Sustainable farming systems will be developed and 'best agricultural practices' will be promoted. Market opportunities for agricultural products will also be promoted and rural households will be empowered to make use of these markets. Local institutions will be strengthened to promote the economic development process. Although the project will be implemented in partnership with WHH, EFA will take full responsibility for introducing mechanisms for the sustainable management of natural resource through environmental education and awareness raising (EE and EAR), exploring the market opportunities for Non Timber Forest Products (NTFP)and EFA will identify possible eco-tourism locations and develop and implement an eco-tourism strategy plan.This project is fully led and executed from the Bo office, to which EFA head office has delegated several members of staff. The information unit (head office) will work in close cooperation with the education team to create relevant materials for the FoSED Environmental Awareness Raising project and Environmental Education.


- Objectives: The project intends to improve the food security of the poorest and most vulnerable, to decrease the rural poverty and to support the transition from relief to sustainable development in its area of operation. The project duration is from March 2009 to February 2014.


- Problem addressed: Food availability in Sierra Leone depends largely on domestic production and marketing. Most farming communities, however, face considerable hurdles to sell their produce to generate income due to poorly developed road and market infrastructures, limited storage and processing facilities, and high transaction costs. Moreover, due to many years of abandonment because of the civil war, vast areas of plantations totally reverted to bush with over-grown weeds. 


- Implementing (executing) partners: Partner in implementation is “Environmental Foundation for Africa (EFA)”. The project seeks close collaboration with the Gola Forest Program in Kenema and Pujehun Districts and other interventions which take place in the same area of operation. The project collaborates with 50 communities in Bo (Bagbo, Wunde, and Jaiama Bongor Chiefdoms),
Pujehun (Makpeli, Barri, Pejeh and Sowa Chiefdoms) and Kenema Districts (Tunkia and Koya Chiefdoms). 24 communities are located in the margins of Gola Forest (East/West) and around Tiwai-Island whereas; 26 communities are located in chiefdoms of Pujehun and Bo Districts. The size of each village is around 30 to 50 families with approximately 400 inhabitants. The total estimated size of the target group is approximately 18,000 individuals.


- Methodology

The few principles which shall guide project implementation are the following:
- A‘demand driven approach’ which considers community members as clients who demand service and not as beneficiaries who receive handouts.
- A ‘participatory and selective approach’, meaning prioritizing and designing the interventions together with the community members and concentrating the efforts to promising venues.
- Services and deliveries have to be open to control from below, particularly from the communities and clients.
- ‘Simplicity’ of the interventions or “keep it small and simple (KISS)” and adapted to the management capacity of the communities.

- “No finance for high effort solutions”, i.e. not to overcome limitation and constraints of communities by simply adding material and financial inputs.
- ‘Affordability’, meaning that organizational as well as operational cost of the intervention must be affordable by the targeted groups/ communities and if not the sustainability is at risk.
moted to complement local government institutions. This requires an effective coordination mechanism linking the communities with the ward development committee and district council.

- Expected positive impacts

The project has a strong focus on conservation agriculture and natural resource management. It will test, environmentally sound agricultural and forestry practices with the help of individual farmers, farmer based organisations (FBO), community based organisations (CBO) and local government structures. The suggested practices should help to increase the agricultural productivity through intensification of agricultural land use of suitable agricultural lands in lowland and upland areas while maintaining and improving soil fertility as well as increasing the fallow periods. Other project activities handle the marketing and processing of agricultural products, the value chain development of the agricultural products and support the institution building and decentralization process at district and community level. The project output will contribute to a reduction of economic pressure on the remaining natural reserves and simultaneously in an improvement of the livelihood conditions of the rural population in the targeted area.

The project has four Results/Outputs which are expected to contribute to the achievement of the above mentioned project objective. The results/ outputs are the following:
Result 1: Sustainable farming systems are developed on-farm and "improved agricultural practices" promoted.

Result 2: Local people are empowered to make use of them.
Result 3: Mechanisms for the sustainable management of natural resources are introduced

Result 4: Local institutions are strengthened to promote the economic development process
The project focus and results are in line with the recently launched National Sustainable Agriculture Development Plan (NSADP) and the CAADP Compact process of the Ministry of Agriculture,
Forestry and Food Security (MAFFS).


- Quality Indicators

Some Objectively Verifiable Indicators (OVI):
The project support will create the following outcomes by 2014:
- At least 75% of targeted households is classified as food secure.
- 50 % of targeted households in project communities increase production levels of cash and food crops by 25% over baseline.
- 500 trained beneficiaries in food crop processing and marketing (of whom at least 25% are women), have started profitable agricultural ventures.
- 50% of the targeted households in the project communities increase the value of their household assets by 20% over the baseline.
- The acreage of illegal forest land use and incidents of poaching by the target communities is reduced by 30%.
- At least 50% of the target households in 30 communities use at least one recommended cropping pattern in either upland or lowland areas.




  • Contact Information:
Suzanne Bode - bodesuzanne@yahoo.com - tel: +232 - 076-466-163 - Status: already contacted, interest and availability confirmed

Ecotourism Advisor
Protected Area Management
The Environmental Foundation for Africa
1 Beach Road, Lakka Peninsula
PMB #34
Freetown, Sierra Leone
mobile 232-76-466-163
www.efasl.org.uk www.tiwaiisland.org
Facebook search: The Environmental Foundation for Africa
Email: info@efasl.org.uk
Web: www.efasl.org.uk/index.htm




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